1. CHOOSE YOUR TOPIC:
INFORMATIVE-EXPOS: Pick a topic where you will explain something, help people understand, show how to use or do something, etc. Hot topics typically involve scientific or technological breakthroughs that are obviously useful and important to the judges you will have.
PERSUASIVE-ORATORY: Pick a topic that you have a strong opinion on. Hot topics typically involve problems that both the government and the judge can take action on.
AFTER DINNER SPEAKING-SPEECH TO ENTERTAIN: Pick a topic that resonates with your audience in terms of its importance in our society but also pick a topic that is going to lend itself to humor--jokes, good stories, entertainment!
2. MAKE A THESIS STATEMENT:
What point do you want to get across?
FOR INFORMATIVE SPEECHES: “I will explain . . .” “I will show how to . . .”
FOR PERSUASIVE SPEECHES: “The government should . . .” “We should stop . . .” “X is a harmful practice.”
FOR AFTER DINNER SPEECHES: Use either of the above kinds of thesis statements although they are usually more persuasive. Just be sure to focus on a humorous subject.
3. CREATE POINTS THAT SUPPORT YOUR THESIS:
Take a moment and think up what would support your thesis. Write the points down on a sheet of paper, leaving room after each one so that you can add supports for them.
TYPICAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR AN INFORMATIVE SPEECH
How to speech: 4 key steps to doing the thing you are talking about.
Example: Step One: Reformat the hard drive. Step Two: Place the CD into the computer and begin installation. Step Three: Fine tune your operating system.
History/what happened speech: Points listing out from the beginning to the latest thing you want to discuss in your speech.
Example: First, the people inhabited the territory. Second, there were great conflicts. Third, there were good and sad after-effects.
What is it speech: 2 to 4 main points that discuss the key elements of your subject.
Example: First, there must be small numbers; Second, a focus on general rather than specialized education; Third, a focus on more intellectual rather than practical or technical knowledge.
Explain it speech: 2 or 4 main points that go through the key elements of something to explain it.
Example: A plane flies by first, its wing design; second, engine forward movement; third, direction of wing flaps.
Typical organizations for an
TYPICAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR A PERSUASIVE SPEECH
Problem-solution: First point shows there is a harmful problem; Second point shows a proposal and proof that it would solve the problem; it is good to get the judge/audience involved in taking their own actions to help solve the problem.
Demonstration that something is wrong/right: First, list out an agreeable standard for judging (things that kill should be rejected; things that intrude on our civil liberties should be rejected); Second, show that the thing you are talking about does indeed violate the standard you set.
Main reasons approach: Just list out the reasons why your thesis is true. First, because of x; Second, because of y; Third, because of z.
TYPICAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR AN AFTER DINNER SPEECH
Use any of the above organizations especially the ones for the persuasive speech. Just be sure to be humorous/entertaining.
4. NOW, DEVELOP SUPPORT FOR YOUR THESIS
Now, write down supports for your points. Take time to research your topic thoroughly and get yourself stories, statistics, expert opinion, and more to make your speech standout. Kinds of supports you should use in your speech:
1. Interest supports to increase interest in your speech: stories, examples, personal experiences, interaction (e.g. games or questions you ask of your audience).
2. Evidence supports to increase solid support in your speech: statistics, expert opinions, direct quotations, studies, surveys, and facts.
3. Multimedia aids such as posters with writing and pictures, PowerPoint, music or recordings on a stereo player, videotapes and DVD’s.
5. WRITE YOUR INTRODUCTION AND CONCLUSION.
Write your introduction. Give a quick attention getter, state the thesis, tell why it is important to you and your audience. Typically in forensic competition, it is expected that you “preview” your main points in the introduction by listing out the main points you will present.
Write your conclusion. Tie the speech together, build to a higher point and give it a sense of conclusion.
6. DELIVER THE SPEECH
Practice and prepare to present your material as effectively as possible.
INFORMATIVE SPEECH--give us information that describes something or states how to do something; it does not give your opinion as a main point; it avoids making judgments that the things you are talking about are bad/good, etc.
PERSUASIVE SPEECH--persuade us to change our beliefs or actions; shows us YOUR opinion on a subject--that you think it is good/bad, right/wrong, moral/immoral, justified/unjustified, that we should/should not do something.
AFTER DINNER SPEECH--usually a persuasive speech but sometimes informative focused; key distinguishing feature is that it is focused on entertaining the audience usually with jokes and humor.